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Virginia IVF and Andrology Center, LLC

Fertility Clinic
Richmond, Virginia, 23229

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    Contact Information

  • Company Name
  • Virginia IVF and Andrology Center, LLC
  • Location
  • 7607 Forest Ave
    Richmond, Virginia, 23229
    United States

    Clinic Details

  • Languages spoken
  • English
  • Year Established
  • 1998
  • Hours of Operation
  • Monday to Friday 9am - 7pm

About Virginia IVF and Andrology Center, LLC

Can you think back to sitting in health education class in junior high and learning about the "birds and the bees" for the first time? Perhaps that was your last "formal" lesson on human reproduction and much of the basics have been forgotten since then. Don't worry, you're not alone. Let's take a look back and briefly review the fundamentals of the female reproductive system and how conception occurs.

The fundamental building block of female fertility is the egg, also called an oocyte, ovum, or gamete. Surprisingly, the human egg is one of the largest cells in the woman's body—about the size of a grain of sand and about 16 times larger than a single sperm.

A female is born with a finite number of eggs, generally around 1 to 2 million, the production of which occurs entirely in utero and ceases before birth. By the time a woman reaches menopause, typically in her early- to mid-50s, as many as a few hundred eggs remain, potentially even less. Armed with this knowledge, it's easy to see why age is the biggest factor that affects egg supply.

A female's internal reproductive organs are the vagina, uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

The vagina is a muscular, hollow tube that extends from the vaginal opening to the uterus. The uterus is shaped like an upside-down pear, with a thick lining and muscular walls—in fact, the uterus contains some of the strongest muscles in the female body. The uterus is where a baby will grow. Each month, blood and tissue build up and line the inside of the uterus. If a woman's egg is fertilized by the man's sperm, then the fertilized egg would attach to this lining and a baby would begin to develop. If the egg does not become fertilized by the sperm, a woman does not become pregnant and the lining is shed during her menstrual period.

At the upper corners of the uterus, two Fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries, which produce, store, and release eggs into the Fallopian tubes in the process called ovulation. Within each tube is a tiny passageway no wider than a sewing needle, which can sometimes become blocked. During each menstrual cycle, an egg is released from one of the ovaries and it begins its journey down one of the Fallopian tubes in route to the uterus. Once the egg is in the tube, tiny hairs in the tube's lining help push it down the narrow passageway toward the uterus. Again, if it is fertilized by a sperm, conception has occurred. If it is not, the unfertilized egg and the lining of the uterus leave the body through the vagina.

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